Climate / Климат
The climate of any country depends on its geographical position greatly. Most people think that the UK is a very cold country. On the contrary, the climate in the UK is mild and moderate. It is milder than in much of the European mainland of the same latitude, because of the Gulf Stream, a warm ocean current which washes BritainТs western shores and brings warm water and winds from the Gulf of Mexico.
One more peculiar feature of the British climate is its humidity. But no Ч British weather is not all rain and fog.
The weather in the UK is very changeable.
The British people say, "Other countries have a climate, in Britain we have weather."
The English also say that they have three types of weather: when it rains in the morning, when it rains in the afternoon or when it rains all day long. But this is only an exaggerated joke. In fact, contrary to popular belief it does not rain every day in England.
Ireland is even more influenced by the warm waters of the North Atlantic than England and, consequently, Irish climate is a little wetter the year round. This mild, rainy climate is particularly favourable to the growth of grass and moss and for this reason the Irish call their country "The Emerald Island" which refers to the fertility and greenness of the nature.
The frequent changes of weather affect all parts of the country in very much the same way; there are no great differences from one part of the country to another.
Extremes of weather are rare in Britain but they do happen. The greatest extremes of weather and climate occur in the mountains of Scotland, Wales, and northern England. The temperature normally does not go much below zero even in the depths of winter, and never much above 25 degrees Centigrade in summer. Most of the time, it is between 10 and 20 degrees Centigrade during the day.
In Great Britain two temperature scales are used: Celsius (Centigrade) and Fahrenheit. For example, 0° C corresponds to 32° F.
► Читайте также другие темы раздела "General Information about the UK / Общая информация о Великобритании":
- Why do We Usually Confuse the Name of the UK? England or UK? / Англия или Великобритания? Как правильно называть
- General Information about the UK / Общая информация о Великобритании
- Seas, Rivers and Lakes / Моря, реки и озера
- Mountains / Горы
- Climate / Климат
- Population and Languages / Население и язык
► Перейти к оглавлению книги Страноведческий справочник. Топики (темы) о Великобритании на английском языке