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Political Parties / Политические партии

The system of political parties in the UK appeared in the 17th century. At first, there were two parties: Tory (the party that supported the King) and Whigs (who supported the Parliament). The word "tory" means "an Irish robber". A "whig" was a Scottish preacher who could preach moralising sermons for several hours.

Now the main British political parties are:

  • the Conservative Party
  • the Labour Party
  • the Party of Liberal Democrats

Since 1945 the British Government is constantly represented by two political parties: Conservative (who are called "Tory" by their opponents) and Labour (called "Whigs").

In 1988 the Liberal Party made an alliance with Social Democrats and the Party of Liberal Democrats was formed.

The proportional representation system in the UK means that all political parties, small and large, are represented in the government according to the proportion of votes they receive.

 


► Читайте также другие темы раздела "The political system of the UK / Политическая система Великобритании":

 Перейти к оглавлению книги Страноведческий справочник. Топики (темы) о Великобритании на английском языке